JCM Catalogue


Candida robusta Diddens & Lodder

Taxonomy in NCBI database: Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; saccharomyceta; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales.

7255 <-- C. P. Kurtzman NRRL Y-12632.
Accessioned in 1988.
=ATCC 18824 =BCRC 21447 =CBS 1171 =CGMCC 2.1882 =DBVPG 6173 =DSM 70449 =IAM 14383 =IFO 10217 =NBRC 10217 =NCYC 505 =NRRL Y-12632 =PYCC 4455.
Candida robusta.
Type strain [288].
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +  Full / Short version of the cataloguepage top

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Source: Beer (top yeast).
Locality: Oranjeboom Brewery, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Biochemistry/Physiology: [2788,3872].
Enzyme electrophoretic profile: [4637].
G+C (mol%): 40.4±0.13 [2680], 37.0 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [2680,2788,3846].
Phylogeny: 18S & 25S rRNA genes [3197], D1/D2 region of 26S rRNA gene (U44806) [4293,4520], 18S rRNA gene (EU011664), actin gene (AF527913), elongation factor 1 gene (AF402004, AY497635, EU014692).
Other taxonomic data: Electrophoretic karyotype [2612,2681,3846].
Genome sequence: FXDD00000000, LJDH00000000.
More information: Ploidy [3845]; Neotype strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
NCBI Taxonomy ID: 4932.

Publication(s) using this strain [A04058, A07177, A07213, A09207, A11247, A11248, A13436, A13498, B15089, A15147, A15583, A16502, A17518, A18090, A18468, A19114, A19145, A19495].
Patent publication(s) using this strain [WO2008/120644, JP2008-092819A, JP2008-253153A, JP2008-271953A, WO2009/110646, JP2010-178728A, JP2010-110217A, JP2010-100597A, 2015-61872, 2016-168011].
Strain characteristics
 <Fermentation>Galactose   Sucrose   Maltose

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

1499 <-- AJ 4002 <-- IAM 04274 <-- ATU.
Accessioned in 1982.
=AJ 4002 =IAM 04274.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
G+C (mol%): 38.8 [337], 37.8 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: PMR spectrum [500]; Serotype Ia [500]; Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: Wine yeast, OC-2.

Patent publication(s) using this strain [JP2007-001973A, JP2014-136692A].
 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

1817 <-- AJ 4001 <-- IAM 04512 <-- ATU, SH-6.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4001 =BCRC 21731 =IAM 04512.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Moromi in Japanese sake brewery Aramasa.
Locality: Akita, Akita Pref., Japan.
Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 39.5 [337], 37.8 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: PMR spectrum of polysaccharide [500]; Serotype Ia [500]; Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: Sake yeast (Kyokai No. 6).

Strain characteristics
   Galactose   Sucrose   Maltose
 <Growth reactions and other characteristics>at 37°C   in 10% NaCl

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

1818 <-- AJ 4007 <-- ATU.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4007.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Moromi in Japanese sake brewery Masumi.
Locality: Suwa, Nagano Pref., Japan.
Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
G+C (mol%): 36.8 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: Sake yeast (Kyokai No. 7).

Publication(s) using this strain [B16174].
Patent publication(s) using this strain [JP2014-136692A].
Strain characteristics

 <Fermentation>Galactose   Sucrose   Maltose
 <Growth reactions and other characteristics>at 37°C   in 10% NaCl

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

1819 <-- AJ 4008.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4008.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Wakame (Undaria pinnatifida) [337].
Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 39.3 [337].

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2214 <-- IAM 04125 <-- Shin 1-1.
Accessioned in 1983.
=IAM 04125 =JCM 21855.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
G+C (mol%): 36.6 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: Distillery yeast, Rasse 2.

Patent publication(s) using this strain [JP2014-136692A].
 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2215 <-- IAM 04140 <-- ATU, Shin 1-2.
Accessioned in 1983.
=IAM 04140 =IFO 0234 =NBRC 0234.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
G+C (mol%): 37.9 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: Distillery yeast, Rasse 12.

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2216 <-- IAM 04919 <-- ATU, BrH 7-10 <-- IFO 0216 <-- GRIF <-- Taiken No. 396.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4065 =IAM 04919 =IFO 0216 =NBRC 0216.
Candida robusta.
Saccharomyces formosensis.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Molasses.
Locality: Taiwan.
Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 39.8 [337].
More information: Type strain of Saccharomyces formosensis.

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2217 <-- IAM 04954 <-- NCYC 240 <-- B. M. Brown.
Accessioned in 1983.
=IAM 04954 =NCYC 240.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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More information: Top fermenter.

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2219 <-- IAM 12234 <-- AJ 5351 <-- CCY 21-13-2 <-- BI CZAS 00321 <-- Microbiol. Inst. Dept. Agric., Canada.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 5351 =CCY 21-13-2 =IAM 12234.
Candida robusta.
Saccharomyces bayanus.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 38.8 [337].

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2220 <-- IAM 04861 <-- IFO 0210 <-- GRIF <-- CLMR <-- A. Guilliermond.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4062 =ATCC 9804 =BCRC 21812 =CBS 400 =DBVPG 6174 =DSM 70478 =IAM 04861 =IFO 0210 =IFO 1726 =NBRC 0210 =NBRC 1726 =NCYC 91 =NRRL Y-12633 =PYCC 2542.
Candida robusta.
Saccharomyces chevalieri.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Palm wine.
Locality: Ivory Coast.
Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 39.0 [337].
Phylogeny: ITS & 5.8S rRNA gene (Z95939).
More information: Type strain of Saccharomyces chevalieri [288].
NCBI Taxonomy ID: 62270.

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2222 <-- IAM 12239 <-- AJ 4098 <-- IFO 0725 <-- IBL 2503.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4098 =CBS 2421 =IAM 12239 =IBL 2503 =IFO 0725 =NBRC 0725.
Candida robusta.
Saccharomyces italicus.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Source: Japanese kefir grain.
Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 38.8 [337].

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

3548 <-- M. Suzuki T-55 <-- W. Daengsubha.
Accessioned in 1984.
=TISTR 5294.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

Source: Luk-Paeng (mold bran) [2445].
Locality: Thailand [2445].

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

5710 <-- NCYC 1066 <-- British Brewery.
Accessioned in 1986.
=NCYC 1066.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Locality: UK.
Biochemistry/Physiology: [3846].
G+C (mol%): 36.7 (HPLC) [3846].
DNA-DNA relatedness: [3846].
Other taxonomic data: Electrophoretic karyotype [3846].
More information: British Brewery (1:5:5:5:1), non-flocculent, for ale.

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

17248 <-- J. Hiramatsu K-7u-9.
Accessioned in 2010.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C.   more information +

More information: Canavanin resistance (Jpn. Pat. H2-48229).

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1 -
Terms and conditions Imposed
Export control (1) No -
Distribution control in Japan (2) No -
Genetically modified microorganism No -
Technical information - -
Additional information - -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic F (Frozen culture with dry ice) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas B (Actively growing culture of a microbial strain that is not preserved as a dried culture / a microbial strain of which dried ampoules are not available)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control but note that the authenticity has not yet been checked by gene sequencing. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

17249 <-- J. Hiramatsu Kyokai7-IAR6.
Accessioned in 2010.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C.   more information +

More information: High ethanol resistance (Jpn. Pat. H6-55134).

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1 -
Terms and conditions Imposed
Export control (1) No -
Distribution control in Japan (2) No -
Genetically modified microorganism No -
Technical information - -
Additional information - -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic F (Frozen culture with dry ice) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas B (Actively growing culture of a microbial strain that is not preserved as a dried culture / a microbial strain of which dried ampoules are not available)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control but note that the authenticity has not yet been checked by gene sequencing. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

21857 <-- IAM 04178 <-- IFO 2375 <-- FAT <-- G. Tamura.
Accessioned in 2007.
=IAM 04178 =IFO 2375 =NBRC 2375.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Enzyme electrophoretic profile: [1004].

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

2223 <-- IAM 04206 <-- ATCC 9080 <-- Hillman Hosp. 4228.
Accessioned in 1983.
=AJ 4033 =ATCC 9080 =BCRC 20855 =CBS 2354 =DBVPG 6248 =DSM 70424 =IAM 04206 =IFO 0565 =NBRC 0565 =NCYC 74 =NRRL Y-1089.
Saccharomyces carlsbergensis.
Candida robusta.
Medium: 25, 30;  Temperature: 25°C; Rehydration fluid: 666.   more information +

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Quinone: Q-6 [354].
G+C (mol%): 38.5 [337].
Other taxonomic data: PMR spectrum of polysaccharide [500]; Serotype Ib [500].

Patent publication(s) using this strain [WO2009/057768, JP2014-136692A].
Strain characteristics

 <Fermentation>Galactose   Sucrose   Maltose   Raffinose

 Related information on delivery / use of the strain
Biosafety level 1
Terms and conditions Not imposed
Export control (1) No
Distribution control in Japan (2) No
Genetically modified microorganism No
Technical information -
Additional information -
 (1) in complying with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law of Japan
 (2) in complying with the Plant Protection Law of Japan

 Delivery category
Domestic A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)
Overseas A (Freeze-dried or L-dried culture) or C (Actively growing culture on request)

Viability and purity assays of this product were performed at the time of production as part of quality control. The authenticity of the culture was confirmed by analyzing an appropriate gene sequence, e.g., the 16S rRNA gene for prokaryotes, the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene, the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA operon, etc. for eukaryotes. The characteristics and/or functions of the strain appearing in the catalogue are based on information from the corresponding literature and JCM does not guarantee them.

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